Category Archives: Iraq

Eribiel Castle, Iraq

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مرحبا أصدقاء

Here goes my third wonderful iraqui postcard! Thank you so much Mohanad!

As I couldn’t find anything about this castle here go some nice facts about Iraq! Enjoy!

1.  Iraq is about the same size as California OR Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Kentucky combined. In size it is between Morocco and Paraguay.

2. The population of Iraq is about 28 million = Ohio + Indiana + Illinois, and a little bit less than California. Baghdad has about 6 million people = the population of the Bay Area of California

3. The average age of an Iraqi is 20 years. The average age of an American is 37.

Young Iraqis

Young Iraqis

4. Iraq borders Iran 1,458 km, Jordan 181 km, Kuwait 240 km, Saudi Arabia 814 km, Syria 605 km, Turkey 352 km(1.62km – 1 mile)

Iraq Map

Iraq Map

5.  Iraq has just 58km of coastline (Persian Gulf.)

6.  Iraq claims petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur as its natural resources.

7. Next to war, Iraqis fear dust storms, sandstorms, floods most.

Iraq Dust Storm

Iraq Dust Storm

8. About one in 20 Iraqis die at birth.

9. There are less than 500 cases of HIV/AIDS in Iraq.

10. Bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever are the major infectious diseases

11. Three of four Iraqis are Arab; one in five are Kurd. All but 3% are Muslim (Shia – 60%, Sunni 35%)

Kadhimain Mosque

Kadhimain Mosque

12.  Four out of five males over 15 can read and write; two out of three females can do so.

13. The oil sector provides about 95% of the country’s foreign exchange earnings. Iraq has over 115 billion barrels of proven oil reserves. The country exports no natural gas despite having 3.17 trillion cubic meters of proven reserves. Only Saudi Arabia has more oil.

Iraq Oil Well

Iraq Oil Well

14. Iraq’s major export partners are – US 36.8%, Italy 12.6%, South Korea 9.5%, Taiwan 6.3%, Spain 5.2%, Canada 4.7%, France 4.4%, Netherlands 4.2%

15. Iraq’s major import partners are – Syria 30.5%, Turkey 19.8%, US 11.1%, Jordan 5%, China 4.8%.

16. There is one mobile phone for every two Iraqis.

17. Barely one in every 500 Iraqis are online.

18. Iraq has 110 airports, 34 unpaved.

19. Iraq is home to ancient Mesopotamia (land between rivers). Perhaps the Garden of Eden was somewhere near the area where the TIgris and Euphrates Rivers join together. Ur, home to Abraham of the Bible was excavated in 1922 and 1934 by Leonard Woolley of Britain.

Tigris - Euprhates Rivers

Tigris – Euprhates Rivers

20. Ancient temples in Iraq were called ziggurats. The tower of Babel may have been a ziggurat.

Tower of Babel?

Tower of Babel?

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Shat Al Arab-Basrah, Iraq

Postkarten 001

مرحبا أصدقاء

Here goes another wonderful card from Iraq!! Thank you a million times Mohanad!

Lookig at this card you can hardley believe that Iraq is a marked country. This boat just looks so peaceful and nice..

Shatt al-Arab is a river in Southwest Asia of some 200 km (120 mi) in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq. The southern end of the river constitutes the border between Iraq and Iran down to the mouth of the river as it discharges into the Persian Gulf. It varies in width from about 232 metres (761 ft) at Basra to 800 metres (2,600 ft) at its mouth. It is thought that the waterway formed relatively recently in geologic time, with the Tigris and Euphrates originally emptying into the Persian Gulf via a channel further to the west.

The Karun river, a tributary which joins the waterway from the Iranian side, deposits large amounts of silt into the river; this necessitates continuous dredging to keep it navigable.

The area is judged to hold the largest date palm forest in the world. In the mid-1970s, the region included 17 to 18 million date palms, an estimated one-fifth of the world’s 90 million palm trees. But by 2002, war, salt, and pests had wiped out more than 14 million of the palms, including around 9 million in Iraq and 5 million in Iran. Many of the remaining 3 to 4 million trees are in poor condition.

In Middle Persian literature and the Shahnama (written between c. 977 and 1010 AD), the name اروند Arvand is used for the Tigris, the confluent of the Shatt al-Arab.Iranians also used this name specifically to designate the Shatt al-Arab during the later Pahlavi period, and continue to do so after the Iranian Revolution of 1979.

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scenes from Iraq

ngfhshd 005

مرحبا أصدقاء

Wooooooowww My first postcard from Iraq!! Thank you a lot Mohanad!! I really love the cards you have sent and the words you wrote.

Iraq, is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert.

Historically, Iraq was the center of the Abbasid Caliphate. Iraq has been known to the west by the Greek toponym ‘Mesopotamia’ (Land between the rivers) and has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is often referred to as the cradle of civilization and the birthplace of writing, law and the wheel. At different periods in its history, Iraq was the center of the indigenous Akkadian, Sumerian, Assyrian, Babylonian-Chaldean, and Abbasid empires. It was also part of the Achaemenid, Hellenistic, Parthian, Sassanid, Roman, Rashidun, Umayyad, Mongol, Safavid, Afsharid, and Ottoman empires, and under British control as a League of Nations mandate.

Iraq’s modern borders were mostly demarcated in 1920 by the League of Nations when the Ottoman Empire was divided by the Treaty of Sèvres. Iraq was placed under the authority of the United Kingdom as the British Mandate of Mesopotamia. A monarchy was established in 1921 and the Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from Britain in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Republic of Iraq was created. Iraq was controlled by the Ba’ath Party (Iraqi-led faction) from 1968 until 2003. After an invasion led by American and British forces, the Ba’ath Party was removed from power and Iraq came under a military occupation by a multinational coalition. Sovereignty was transferred to the Iraqi Interim Government in June 2004 which then approved a new constitution and a new Government of Iraq was elected. Foreign troops remained in Iraq after the establishment of a new government due to an insurgency that developed shortly after the invasion, withdrawing in 2011. Iraq is a country with a Shia majority and a large Sunni minority.The majority of the Iraqi population is Arab.

It is a nice card and I am very grateful I have received it.

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